Belgian Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel


BA4P: Israel's Bedouin Communities

(1) Resources (latest last):
(2) Articles: below (latest first)

  • Jana VAN BRAECKEL: « (Re)claiming spatial justice for the native Naqab Arab Bedouin.Towards a critical geography of the Israeli land and planning laws » (UGent, MA, 2015-16, pdf, 76p.): click here.
    This case study examines the ongoing spatial-legal conflict between the Israeli government and the native Arab Bedouin in the Naqab ̶ southern region of Israel. This conflict is studied against the background of Israel’s ethnocratic settler colonialist logic which seeks to “Judaize” Arab Bedouin space by acts of (violent) dispossession, displacement, replacement and enforced urbanization. By unfolding the Israeli legal system, its laws and policies, it becomes apparent that legal tools are used to deny the Arab Bedouin their land rights and ownership.The doctrine of “terra nullius” facilitates a conceptual “emptying” of space and is of tactical use to facilitate the enactment of various laws and regulations of land confiscation, while Israel strategically expands its territories in order to establish a Jewish state.
  • Seraje ASSI: « The History and Politics of the Bedouin: Reimagining Nomadism in Modern Palestine » (Routledge Studies on the Arab-Israeli Conflict, April 27, 2018, 212p.): click here.
    This book examines contending visions on nomadism in modern Palestine, with a special focus on the British Mandate period. Extending from the late Ottoman period to the founding of the State of Israel, it highlights both ruptures and continuities with the Ottoman past and the Israeli present, to prove that nomadism was not invented by the British or the Zionists, but is the shared legacy of Ottoman, British, Zionist, Palestinian, and most recently, Israeli attitudes to the Bedouin of Palestine.
  • ADALAH: « Forced Displacement | Position Paper » (Adalah - The Legal Center for Minority Rights in Israel, May 2023): click here.
    I. Introduction: Since its establishment, Israel has consistently pursued practices of forced displacement, as part of its deliberate and longstanding pattern of seizing Palestinian land for use and ownership by Jewish Israelis. The Israeli state has historically set a clear goal of expanding Jewish land ownership and development with the aim of "Judaizing the land", and has consistently prioritized this objective through a number of laws and policies. In 2018, Israel enshrined this objective into a basic law – with constitutional force – through the Jewish Nation State Law (“JNSL”), which explicitly states that expanding Jewish settlements is a national priority: “The State views the development of Jewish settlement as a national value and will act to encourage and promote its establishment and consolidation..."
  • « Bedouin Communities Under Threat in the Naqab » Adalah / Bimkom - Planners for Planning Rights / Regional Council for Unrecognized Villages in Negev: click here.
    This interactive map guides viewers through the ongoing forced displacement faced by Bedouin communities in the Naqab. The map is divided into three main sections. The first section provides an overview of all of the Bedouin villages in the Naqab. The second section displays a map of Bedouin villages that are currently under imminent threat of displacement. The third section provides a detailed guide of the "development" and infrastructure plans that Israel is pursuing, which are designed to induce displacement of the Bedouins and provide benefits exclusively for Jewish citizens.
  • The Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality « Al Araqib: Follow up: Last demolitions & trial results » Adalah / Bimkom - Planners for Planning Rights / Regional Council for Unrecognized Villages in Negev: click here.
    After a lengthy legal procedure that lasted for 15 years, the District Court in Beer Sheva rejected the ownership claims of the residents of al-ʿArāgīb. Judge Geula Levin dismissed the plaintiffs' arguments that the property expropriation procedure carried out in 1954 under the directives of the then Finance Minister Levy Eshkol was flawed. On Saturday, July 29th, the residents of Al-ʿArāgīb, their relatives and several Human Rights organizations, including NCF, will hold a large protest gathering, at the junction of the village on road 40, commemorating the 13th year of destruction of the village (Al-ʿArāgīb was demolished for the 218th time on June 19th) and protesting the judicial decision and the continuing home demolitions. Your presence and support will be much appreciated!
  • Simone KORKUS: « Bedoeïenen in Israel: ‘Hun lot interesseert zelfs mijn grootmoeder niet’ » (De Groene Amsterdammer, 30 aug 2023 ): click here.
    Hoewel de Bedoeïenen Israëlische burgers zijn, behandelt Israël de oorspronkelijke nomaden als tweederangsburgers en sta-in-de-weg. Armoede, criminaliteit en gevoelens van vervreemding en woede zijn het gevolg.

Articles (latest first):
  • « Israeli Authorities Demolish the Bedouin Village of Al-Arakib for the 221st Time » (IMEMC, Sept 11, 2023): click here.
    Israeli bulldozers demolished, on Monday, the Arab Bedouin village of Al-Arakib, in the Negev region of Israel, for the 221st time. Since 2010, Israeli authorities have demolished the residential structures, belonging to the Bedouin residents of Al-Arakib, 221 times, leaving its inhabitants homeless. The residential tents and structures, built from wood, tin, and plastic, were destroyed by Israeli authorities, leaving the Bedouin residents without shelter from the elements.
  • Josh BREINER & Deiaa Haj YAHIA: « Top Israeli Ministers Witness Demolition of Bedouin Houses; Ben-Gvir: It’s a ‘Sacred Duty’" » (Haaretz, August 29, 2023): click here.
    ‘This is the first time ministers arrives to cheer those who ruin a house and leave its inhabitants without an alternative,’ says an Israeli-Bedouin activist. ‘It’s a cruel thing’.
  • Nir HASSON: « They Have No AC or Running Water. Now They Are Trying to Survive in 108 Degrees" » (Haaretz, August 16, 2023): click here.
    Scorching heat as a result of climate change is making the usual problems of the Bedouin of the Judean Desert and Jordan Valley — poverty, settler violence and harassment by authorities — truly unbearable.
  • "Bedouins Leave the West Bank Due to Attacks by Israeli Settlers" (teleSUR, August 10, 2023): click here.
    In the first six months of the year, the United Nations documented 591 violent incidents carried out by Israeli settlers. A Palestinian Bedouin community in the West Bank abandoned their homes this week due to the increase in attacks by Israeli settlers, the Israeli NGO Btselem reported, detailing that it is the fourth community in the area to abandon their place of residence in the last three months.
  • Gideon LEVY & Alex LEVAC: "The Morning 50 Israelis, 15 of Them Kids, Became Homeless" (Haaretz, 24 June, 2023): click here.
    Israeli authorities raze homes in the Negev town of Arara, where this family has lived for generations.
  • Elisheva GOLDBERG: « The Palestinian Village in Smotrich’s Sights » (Jewish Currents, 23 May 2023): click here.
    Destroying the hamlet of Khan al-Ahmar has become a priority for Israel’s settler right, which aims to “cut the West Bank into two.”
  • Shira KADARI-OVADIA: « After Years of Israel's Neglect, Preschool Still Out of Reach for Many Bedouin Children » (Haaretz, May 8, 2023): click here.
    Over 5,000 children are unregistered to education institutions, with registration among Jews standing at 100 percent. Among the causes: Lack of facilities, and transportation difficulties.
  • Shira KADARI-OVADIA: "Bedouin Children Fall Through Cracks Despite Israel's Compulsory Education Law" (Haaretz, Sept 30, 2022): click here!
    Education Ministry and local governments blame overcrowding in Negev Bedouin preschools on late registration by parents and say the problem will soon be solved, but thousands of children are still deprived of a preschool education.
  • Tamara TAMIMI, Osama RISHEQ: « Palestinian Bedouins in the E-1 Corridor: A Critique of Donor Aid » (Al-Shabaka, July 18, 2022): click here.
    The E-1 corridor, located within Area C of the central West Bank, receives large sums of humanitarian aid, purportedly to help preserve the viability of a future Palestinian state within a two-state solution. The aid is meant to support the Palestinian Bedouin communities affected by Israel’s plan to isolate East Jerusalem from the remainder of the West Bank and to bifurcate the West Bank, rendering territorial contiguity impossible.
  • Gideon LEVY: « A Bedouin Negev Is No Less Israeli Than a Jewish One » (Haaretz, Jan 13, 2022): click here.
    The recent displacement of Bedouin Palestinians from Ein Samia village is part of a systematic scheme that serves the settlers’ vision to ultimately remove all Palestinians from the West Bank.
  • Nati YEFET & Deiaa HAJ YAHIA: « 'We Will Die Here': Bedouin Village Fights Israel Resettlement Plan » (Haaretz, June 2, 2022): click here.
    The Israeli government plans to raze Ras Jrabah in order to expand the city of Dimona; villagers argue that they should simply be integrated into the city.
  • Nati YEFET & Deiaa HAJ YAHIA: « 'We Will Die Here': Bedouin Village Fights Israel Resettlement Plan » (Haaretz, June 2, 2022): click here.
    The Israeli government plans to raze Ras Jrabah in order to expand the city of Dimona; villagers argue that they should simply be integrated into the city.
  • Afif ABU MUCH: « Report finds Negev Bedouins remain poorest population in Israel » (Al-Monitor, 30 Sept 2021): click here.
    The latest report by State Comptroller Matanyahu Engelman highlights the plight of the Bedouin communities living in the Negev region, with little progress seen despite their new representation in the governing coalition.
  • Almog BEN ZIKRI: « Court Reduces Sum Bedouin Must Pay Israel for Demolition of Their Unrecognized Village [Al-Araqib] » (Haaretz, Nov 24, 2020): click here.
    Although Supreme Court's verdict cuts the fee down to almost a third, the attorney representing the six activists questions why Bedouin are charged for demolitions, while settlers are compensated.
  • Morad ELSANA: « Left to fend for themselves, Israel’s Bedouin are struggling with COVID-19 » (MEI@75, Oct 29, 2020): click here.
    The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting all communities in Israel, but it has hit some of them much harder than others. The plight of the Haredim (ultra-Orthodox Jews) has been widely publicized, but the Bedouin of the Negev Desert are also being devastated by the pandemic and no one seems to care.
  • Jack KHOURY: « Israel Revokes Citizenship of Hundreds of Negev Bedouin, Leaving Them Stateless » (Haaretz, August 25, 2017): click here.
    Some were citizens for 40 years, served in the army and paid their taxes, but had their status canceled with a single keystroke and no further explanation.
  • « Almog BEN ZIKRI: "Over 5,000 Israeli Bedouin Children Lack Access to Compulsory Preschool » (Haaretz, May 8, 2016): click here!
    Lack of transportation funding and state's refusal to grant building permits to unrecognized Bedouin communities bar kids' access to preschool.


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